Travel Information

Your safari is booked and you’re ready to go, but now it’s time to pack. 

  • In general, pack lightly. Leave room for gifts and souvenirs. Soft sided luggage packs more easily into the safari vehicle.
  • Always carry passport, airline tickets and money on your person. A fanny pack or moneybag that hangs around the neck works well.
  • In case luggage doesn’t arrive the same day you do, put enough clothing and supplies for the first day in your carryon luggage.
  • If taking a domestic flight luggage weight restrictions range between 15-20 kgs (33-44 lbs.) total per person.


  • Sturdy, comfortable shoes, preferably waterproof. They will get dirty. o Tennis shoes or sandals for lounging in the evening
  • Comfortable, breathable socks


  • Shorts, mid-thigh or longer (not advisable for village visits)
  • Lightweight, breathable pants
  • Short-sleeved shirts, cool and breathable (neutral colors are best, avoid black, dark blue and bright red)
  • Bathing suit if staying at a lodge with a swimming pool or if visiting Zanzibar
  • Long-sleeved fleece or sweater for evenings and/or early mornings
  • Rain jacket or rain poncho
  • Women: pants (capri-length or longer) and shirts that cover the shoulder are advisable for village visits. Lightweight dresses or skirts that cover the knees are optional depending on how rural your village visit is but can also be worn for evening dining at the accommodations.
  • Men: short-sleeve shirts with collars (for visiting villages or evening dining at the accommodations). o Keep valuable jewelry to a minimum

Note: Laundry service is available at most lodges either at a nominal cost or free of charge in some cases.


  • Day pack, for you to carry
  • Large waterproof duffel bag or backpack


  • Sun hat
  • Maps, guidebooks
  • Scarf (for dust and/or sun)
  • Batteries
  • Sunglasses
  • Binoculars (2 pair are standard in each vehicle –
  • At least 2 Pairs of Binoculars (Nikon Monarch 8×36 or Eagle Optics Ranger 8×42)
  • Money (small Tanzanian bills and/or small US bills for small purchases and tips. Larger US bills and/or travelers checks for bigger purchases)
  • Journal/notebook, pencil and pen
  • Pocket knife (for travelers doing basic camping) o Electricity adapter
  • Energy bars and snacks
  • Headlamp or flashlight
  • Playing cards, games, books, Frisbee
  • Camera, memory cards, minitripod
  • Mementos for guides and other travelers
  • Personal music device
  • Video camera
  • Travel pillow


  • Small hand towel (spare item)
  • Roll of toilet paper (for some public restrooms) o Soap
  • Toothbrush and toothpaste o Hand-wipes
  • Lotion
  • Glasses, contacts, solution o Comb, mirror
  • Shampoo (without heavy fragrance)
  • Unscented Deodorant (use cologne/perfume sparingly, if at all, in case it might attract bees or other insects)


  • Passport (with visa stamp or completed visa application with $50 or $100 US cash, exact change)
  • Yellow fever certificate (REQUIRED if traveling from or through an endemic zone – refer to Medical Tips) o Medical and Travel Insurance
  • Address book

First Aid

  • Ibuprofen
  • Antiseptic cream
  • Band-Aids
  • Bandages and tape
  • Sunscreen (SPF 15+)
  • Diarrhea medicine
  • Anti-malaria pills
  • Antibiotics
  • Insect repellent
  • Antihistamines
  • Lip balm with sunscreen o Prescription drugs

Light tropical clothes, especially cotton slacks, shirts and skirts are most suitable. Some warm clothing is needed in the higher altitude areas around Usambara, Ngorongoro Crater, Mount Kilimanjaro, Arusha and the southern highlands – especially in the evening and early morning. Comfortable walking shoes are recommended on safari and guests are advised to carry some insect repellents and sunscreens. In Zanzibar visitors are requested to dress modestly; swim suits, mini skirts and other revealing clothing should not be worn outside hotels, beaches and resorts.

All visitors to Tanzania require a return or onward ticket and a valid passport with an entry or re-entry visa, duly endorsed. Visas are not required for visitors from some member countries of Commonwealth and other specified countries. Visas can be applied online or obtained from any Tanzania Diplomatic Mission or Consulate abroad, and at main entry points including international airports, sea ports and border posts.

You can now apply Visa online: The Tanzania Immigration Services have announced that visitors can now apply for an Online Visa to visit the United Republic of Tanzania (both Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar). 

You are required to fill in the online form, make payment, and submit your application online. Your form will be internally reviewed and processed.

Applicants will be notified through their e-mails whether their applications have been accepted or rejected. They may also track their application status through the online system. Applicants may as well be required to visit the nearest Tanzania Mission or Consulate for interviews.

To apply your visa online visit the Tanzania Immigration website at the following link:

For details on Entry Requirements and Visa Information that need to be considered before processing your application click the following link:

Personal effects including binoculars, cameras, film, may be imported (temporarily) free of duty. A custom bond may be demanded from visitors bringing in professional video/filming equipment, radios, tape recorders and musical instruments to ensure the goods are re- exported. Firearms require a special permit that should be obtained in advance. Visitors buying local handicrafts must keep cash sales receipts and ownership certificates for wildlife trophies for presentation to Customs officials on departure.

Visitors originating from or transiting through countries endemic with yellow fever are required to produce valid yellow fever vaccination certificates at entry points. Visitors are advised to take anti-malaria tablets and make use of mosquito nets and insect sprays where provided. Visitors are also advised to obtain travel insurance that would cover medical expenses among many other things.


1. Yellow Fever vaccination is not compulsory for visitors arriving directly into Tanzania from NON-endemic countries like Europe, the USA and Japan. Tanzania is mapped by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a low risk country for Yellow fever (WHO 2015 update). However, the presence of Yellow fever vector (mosquitoes) poses potential risk for Yellow fever if the virus is introduced into the country.

All visitors from Non-Endemic countries, whom on their way to Tanzania have passed through Endemic Yellow Fever zone(s) but they did not get out of that country’s airport, will not require Yellow Fever vaccination certificate provided the transit time at the airport is less than 12 hours.

2. In order to conform to International Health Regulations requirement and safeguard public health security in Tanzania, Yellow fever vaccination is mandatory to travellers arriving from Yellow fever endemic countries. This condition also applies to travellers subjected to long flight connection (transit) in an airport of a Yellow fever endemic country for twelve hours (12hrs) or more.

3. All visitor from Endemic Yellow Fever zone(s), and those visitors whom on their way to Tanzania have passed through Endemic Yellow Fever zone(s) and get out of that country’s airport, will be required to show their yellow fever certificates on their arrival into Tanzania or receive vaccination at the entry point on their arrival (vaccination fee is US $ 50).

4. All visitors from Tanzania mainland to Zanzibar will not be required to show their yellow fever vaccination certificate because Zanzibar is inside the United Republic of Tanzania


Tanzania Shilling is the official currency of the United Republic of Tanzania. It is against the law to import or export Tanzania Shilling. Visitors can bring with them any amount of foreign currency up to the equivalent of USD 10,000 but amounts above this have to be declared on arrival or departure. Foreign currency may be exchanged at the commercial banks, authorised dealers, or at the bureaux de change operating at the international airports and major towns. Your local driver-guide will be in hand to assist. It is illegal to exchange money to individuals who are not authorised dealers.

US dollar bills, Pound Sterling and Euros, as well as Visa and MasterCard are accepted in most hotels and lodges, and in tourist areas. American Express is not widely accepted even by major hotels. Cash can be withdrawn from ATMs in major towns using Visa and MasterCard. Small denomination USD bills are useful for miscellaneous expenses on safari but change will be given in Tanzania Shillings.

An airport tax is levied on all visitors departing the country by air. In most instances, this fee is included in passenger’s airline ticket. Baggage is weighed at check-in counters and may be inspected by Customs. Airport departure tax for domestic flights is also applicable. All taxes are subject to change. There is no departure tax when traveling by road.

Safari vehicles and small aircraft provide limited space for luggage. It is therefore recommended to travel with light soft-sided bags since bulky suitcases will overload and might not be taken on board.

Situated on the east coast of Africa just south of the Equator, Tanzania enjoys a tropical climate constantly warm throughout the year, humid at the coast, fresh and bracing in the highlands, and tempered by Indian Ocean breezes on the islands. In the northern highlands around Arusha, Ngorongoro, Mt Kilimanjaro and Usambara, and in the southern highlands around Iringa and Mbeya area, the climate is temperate and cooler between June and September. The warmest period is between October and February.

Twice yearly rainy seasons, short rains from November to January and  long rains between March and May, bring the vital green seasons to the bush and help to maintain the abundant wildlife and big game for which Tanzania is justly world famous.

Tanzania offers a myriad of opportunities for souvenirs, including rare gemstones like TanzaniteTanzanite, the native gemstone of Tanzania, is sold in most gemstone shops alongside other locally mined stones like Ruby, Rhodolite and TourmalineTanzanite was named after Tanzania, and was first discovered in 1967, in Arusha which, to date, remains the only commercially viable source in the world. Local curios like the bold Makonde carvings, Tinga Tinga works, batiks and the famous miniature Zanzibar chests are available at very reasonable prices.


The national language is Kiswahili but English is widely spoken and is the language of the tourist trade and other international businesses. However, we do have a number of multi-lingual operations driver-guides.


Several international airlines operate in and out of Tanzania through Dar es Salaam, Kilimanjaro and Zanzibar International Airports. Travel within the country is by Precision Air, Regional Air, Air Excel, Coastal Aviation, Auric Air, As Salaam Air, and the national airline, Air Tanzania.

Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO), located less than 50 minutes drive from Arusha and Moshi towns in northern Tanzania, is served by international carriers including KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Qatar Airways, Turkish Airlines, Kenya Airways and Ethiopian Airlines which also fly to Dar es Salaam. Visitors to the southern parks, the beaches and Zanzibar may use a number of international airlines that service Julius Nyerere International Airport (JNIA) formerly Dar es Salaam International Airport.

Zanzibar is now a major destination and is also served by international air carriers. Visitors combining Kenya and Tanzania and arriving via Nairobi may use Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) where there are daily flights connecting to Kilimanjaro (JRO), Dar es Salaam (JNIA) and Zanzibar. And for visitors preferring to travel overland from Nairobi to northern Tanzania game parks, Leopard Tours would be pleased to arrange a suitable road transfer for them.

There are daily scheduled Local flights linking key tourist gateways to various destinations and popular locations in Tanzania, including the game parks and the islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia. Most game parks and towns have air strips accessible by smaller planes.

Our safari itineraries are tailored to seasonal animal movement patterns so wildlife viewing is excellent year round. So the best time to go on safari is really dependent on when you wish to come, your interests, places you wish to visit and activities that you may want to do. If you’d like to see the wildebeest migration spread out across the Serengeti plains, we’ll recommend you travel in the green season stretching from December to April. This is especially good for the calving season. As the migration moves North from June onwards the Northern part of the Serengeti and river crossings into Kenya’s Maasai Mara is the best area. Whatever month you travel, we will build your itinerary to ensure you’re located in the right parks and the right regions for best wildlife viewing. We can make suggestions about the best areas to visit and build the safari around the time you wish to travel, your interests and budget. If you love elephants and would like to see large herds, we recommend visiting Tarangire National Park in the height of the dry season from July to September when massive herds congregate around the Tarangire River. If you are interested in climbing Kilimanjaro prior to going on safari, we’ll suggest you avoid traveling in April and May when the long rains will make trekking difficult.

Tanzania has only one time zone. Local time is GMT + 3 and Daylight Savings Time is not used.

215 – 230 Volts, 50 Cycles AC

Tanzania National Parks wish to remind the public that the use of Drones or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) of any size for photo taking, filming and any other purpose is not allowed in the National Parks for security reasons.

If need be, the use of these technologies will only be allowed under after special consideration and permits will be issued by the Director General of TANAPA.

In this regard, we are asking for all tour operators to notify their clients and assist in the compliance of this public notice. The same applies to all visitors intending to do filming in the parks.

The General Public is expected to adhere to this notice for the betterment of the conservation sector.

Issued by Corporate Communications Department



The Government of Tanzania has ban all plastic carrier bags, regardless of their thickness will be prohibited from being imported, exported, manufactured, sold, stored, supplied and used within the country.

However, plastic or plastic packaging for medical services, industrial products, construction industry, agricultural sector, foodstuff, sanitary and waste management are not prohibited.

Visitors to Tanzania are advised to avoid carrying plastic carrier bags or plastic carrier bags or items in plastic carrier bags in the suitcase or hand luggage before embarking on visit to Tanzania. Special desks are designed to surrender of plastics carrier bags that visitors may be bringing into Tanzania.

Plastic carrier items known as ‘Ziploc bags’ are allowed that are specifically used to carry toiletries will be permitted.

It is illegal to own or carry government trophies (wildlife parts and products) without a permit from the Tanzania Wildlife Division.

For visitors who  have purchased trophies from other countries, they are required to have an import permit from the Tanzania Wildlife Division, a process which may take a bit of time and definitely not convenient for someone on holiday. In other words,  tourists carrying trophies  / wildlife products are advised to post the trophies bought from other countries directly to their home countries before coming to Tanzania.

A complete regulation on import and export of trophies is hereby given in the below download.

Government trophies include animal skins, bones, seashells, plants or any other wildlife product / object / souvenir.

While we know most if not all visitors take conservation and its regulations very seriously, it is unfortunate some individuals end up breaching the law probably out of ignorance.